If you have decided to learn how to play the guitar, then you should start by learning the guitar scales. There are several scales to learn, so it might take some time before you can easily do all of them without needing to think about it. However, if you follow this guide, then you will be well on your way to learning your scales by heart and how to play your guitar in general.
Learn Your Fretboard
One of the first things you are going to want to do is learn your fretboard. This is part of the guitar where you put your finger to produce different notes on different strings. Each scale is played by placing your fingers along the frets on the fretboard. Which string you use and where you place them will be different for each scale, but you should get used to pressing your fingers against the fretboard and moving them to different positions. When you strum, you should notice a different note depending on the string and where your fingers are on the fretboard. It is sometimes useful to put small colored stickers on the fretboard to indicate where to place your fingers on each scale or note when you first start to learn how to play the guitar. Some guitars will come with small dots already on them to help with this. The frets themselves may be referred to in number order with fret 1 being the one at the very end of the guitar’s neck.
Learn The Strings
The next thing you need to do is learn which string is which. This is how you are going to learn the names of the notes you need to play to complete your scales. Starting with the thickest and ending with the thinnest the note for each string is the following: E, A, D, G, B, E. The thickest and thinnest strings share the same name, so they are sometimes referred to the high and low E to help tell them apart. It is worth saying the strings name aloud when playing them at first so to help you remember which string is which. Once you can play the correct string on command, you will have successfully learnt your guitar’s strings.
Practice The Scales
Once you know the strings and where to place your fingers on your fretboard, all that is really left is to practice. You need to keep practicing your scales until you can do them without thinking about it. There are several benefits of learning your scales as they will make learning other songs much easier and strengthening your fingers as well as getting them used to moving to each note on command. It is worth taking breaks between learning scales to also practice and learn basic tunes. This will help make the relatively boring scales work seem much more bearable, and any practice with your guitar will help you to learn how to use it better. Once you know all of your scales off by heart, then you are ready to move on to more complex techniques and tunes.